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BACKGROUND

Various documents concerning the patenting of plants and animals

Please find a few selected documents and articles as general background to the question of patentability of plants and animals. We want to keep this page simple and do not want to overload it.

External articles are clearly marked as such and do not necessarily represent the view of the organisers of this website in all details.

For details on individual patent cases at the EPO go to "Patent cases ".

More data, facts and articles can also be found on the respective websites of the initiating NGOs as well as on further external links.

 

BACKGROUND PAPER: Why the Global Appeal is necessary
REPORT: The Future of Seeds and Food
THE LEGAL BASIS FOR PATENTS IN EUROPE: EPC and 98/44/EC
STATISTICS: patents on plants at the EPO
REPORT: WHO OWNS NATURE ?
REPORT: MONSANTO vc. US FARMERS
REPORT: PATENTS ON HUNGER
FARM ANIMALS AND CORPORATE PATENT STRATEGIES
KEEPERS OF GENES: The interdependence between pastoralists, breeds, access to the commons
WHO INVENTED THE MOUSE ? Basics on Patents on Life
POSITION PAPERS
MONSANTO'S PIG MONOPOLIES
MONSANTO'S RR MONOPOLY
SYNGENTA'S RICE MONOPOLIES
THE END OF FARM-SAVED SEEDS? (GRAIN)
BASMATI RICE PATENT BATTLE
INDONESIAN FARMERS PROSECUTED FOR BREEDING THEIR OWN SEDDS (AFA)
BIOPIRACY AND SEEDS