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EP 07006352 - Gene profiling for political candidates; commercial use of politicians

EP 07006352 20070328
Title: Gene profiling for the selection of political candidates, commercial use of politicians.
Applicant: Greenpeace e.V.
Status: Application
Claims: method for examining people (marker assited), human gene sequences, test kits, humans, comercial use of politicians.

Greenpeace wants to patent people's representatives and their genes in line with European patent law.

Greenpeace has applied in March 2007 for a patent on European politicians in order to point out the absurd possibilities of the current law on patents. The patent application Greenpeace is filing with the European Patent Office (EPO) in Munich is claiming as an invention both a method for genetically fingerprinting politicians and the politicians analysed themselves.

The application is based on current patent practices at the EPO, copying patents that have been granted on conventional breeeding methods and marker assisted breeding, as well as patents granted on human genes.

"Genes determine behaviour and traits in politicians too," says Greenpeace's patent expert, Christoph Then. "The standard of politicians can be optimalised by applying our patent. Instead of being selected by accident, through internal connections, party membership, traditions or opinion polls, the ideal candidate before an election or for government office can now be found with Greenpeace's genetic analysis."

The method is based on a comparison between genetic profiles of a representative cross-section of the population and the profiles of politicians or those who would like to be politicians.

The process has particular relevance for (the list is not comprehensive):

® selection of politicians who have to meet profiles for traits typical for a region ('regional types')

® selection of politicians who should fulfil requirements for traits which are suitable for national or Europe-wide assignments and as little typical as possible for a region ('global type')

® selection of politicians with particularly marked and unusual traits ('character type')

® selection of politicians with as little marked traits as possible ('flexible type')

® selection of politicians especially suited for particular sections of the electorate or spectrum of issues ('type tied to issues')

® selection of politicians who can be employed for all issues and sections of the electorate ('one-size-fits-all' type')

Some of the claims:

Claim 1. A method for examining people to see if they are suitable as politicians comprising the following steps:

            a) Drawing up genetic profiles (GP) with the help of appropriate reference populations (RP)

            b) Determining particularly suitable genetic markers (GM) selected by comparing GPs of RPs

            c) Sequencing genes which can be ascribed to the relevant GM in order to determine their specific character

            d) Comparing GPs with the gene profile of political candidates or persons who may be suitable as political candidates

            e) Comparing the results from the process from a to d with further criteria (like opinion polls) to verify the result of the gene profiling


Claim 3. The method of  Claim 1 or 2 with the further step of selecting people as suitable    politicians of the global, regional, character or issue type or having another pre-  determined personality profile


Claim 4. Politicians selected in a method according to Claim 3.

Claim 9. Human gene sequences of TPOX micro-satellite allele 8 as revealed in Fig. 1


Claim 10. Test kit based on ELISA tests for identifying proteins in accordance with Claim 8 for the selection of politicians

Claim 11. A method for determining, viewing and assessing politicians' genetic make-up and its use for political, commercial or cultural purposes

Claim 16. A herd or group of politicians with an increased frequency of a specific type of politician assembled by the following methods

       a) screening the candidates using a process as in Claims 1 to 3

       b) selecting politicians with similar profiles of types as in Claim 3

       c) collecting the selected politicians together into a 'party'

The full application is attached below.

A description of natural genetic dispositions now suffices for entire plants and animals to be claimed as inventions. The EPO has furthermore granted over a thousand patents on human genes already.

If the laws on patents are not changed, the whole or parts of Greenpeace's application for a patent on politicians could be granted.

The documents presented here for download are copies of those from the European Patent Office (EPO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Legally binding are only the originals available from the organizations themselves.

WO...  numbers are world patent applications, at WIPO

EP... numbers are European Patents 

EP...A. numbers are European patent applications 

EP....B1 numbers are European Patents as granted

EP....B2 numbers are patents as granted after the closure of a dispute

Within the juridical structure of the EPO:

Opposition is the First Instance

Appeal is the Second Instance

Enlarged Board of Appeal is the highest court within the EPO, which has the final say.